Economic analysis of domestic water consumption, sewage water disposal and its health impact
Keywords:Health damage, Sewage water disposal, Water pollution.
AbstractWe investigate the economic impact of the by-product of rapid urbanization especially focusing on the negative externalities created in the urban ecosystem i.e. contamination of potable water, air pollution, noise pollution, automobile pollution, solid waste and sewage water disposal. Specifically, the domestic water consumption and sewage water disposal are the two variables of interest since these variables have a has a direct bearing on human health but has received scant attention in the literature, so far. Hence, our paper addresses issues like drinking water consumption, quantity disposal of waste water, diseases affected and costs of treatment. Using an intensive field survey, we estimate the loss of opportunity cost for a sample of 140 households. Our result concludes that the provision drinking water and availability of drainage facilities are weakened in the peripheral part of urbanization which associated with high health treatment cost. Moreover, in a slum, even with the proximity of availing these facilities is closer but the socially and economically vulnerable groups are deprived this basic facility.
ESCAP. United Nation Economic and Social for Asia and the Pacific, ‘Enhancing regional cooperation in infrastructure development industry that related to disaster management. United Nations Publications Sale Number E06 II, F13, 2006.
ESCAP. United Nation economic and social for Asia and the Pacific: Improving it lives of the urban case studies on the provision of basic services through partnership. Reference number E/ESCAP/2404, 2009.
Mithra, Prasanna P Urban Domestic water supply and sanitation, Australasian Medical Journal, Vol 110, PP 321-327,2010.
WHO-The Right to Water, Health and human rights publication series; no.3, Geneva, 2003.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after official publication, as it can lead to productive exchanges as well as greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).